The New York Post reported today that a married Long Island limo-company manager told a female dispatcher he was firing her because she rejected his sexual advances — and even put it in writing: http://nypost.com/2015/04/10/boss-texts-gal-shes-fired-because-she-refused-his-sexual-advances/
According to the Post:
“The damning text — sent by former US Limousine manager Raymond Townsend to pretty underling Geralyn Ganci — ended up costing him and his employer more than $700,000 in legal damages and fees, court papers show.
Ganci, 32, sued Townsend after she was fired for repeatedly refusing his barrage of sleazy requests, which eventually landed her in the hospital with extreme emotional distress, her suit said.
The sex-crazed Townsend said in one text that he “had to pull over to the side of the road and masturbate thinking about me,” Ganci said in her suit.
Ganci said she was shocked and sickened by his behavior — which occurred despite the fact that Townsend’s wife worked at the same New Hyde Park company and sat near her.
Finally, after allegedly forcing her into a restroom and putting his hand up her shirt, Townsend told the resistant Ganci she was fired in February 2009.
“The plaintiff even received another text message from Raymond Townsend which has been preserved stating that the reason plaintiff was fired was because she ‘refused to have sex with the general manager,’ ” according to the court papers.”
WHEN IS AN EMPLOYER LIABLE FOR ITS SUPERVISOR’S SEXUAL HARRASSMENT?
An employer may be subject to liability to a victimized employee for a hostile environment created by a supervisor with immediate (or successively higher) authority over the employee. However, when no tangible employment action is taken, a defending employer can avoid liability IF (a) the employer exercised reasonable care to prevent and correct promptly any sexually harassing behavior, and (b) the plaintiff employee unreasonably failed to take advantage of any preventive or corrective opportunities provided by the employer or to avoid harm otherwise.
While proof that an employee failed to fulfill the corresponding obligation of reasonable care to avoid harm is not limited to showing an unreasonable failure to use any complaint procedure provided by the employer, a demonstration of such failure will normally suffice to satisfy the employer’s burden.
No affirmative defense is available, however, when the supervisor’s harassment culminates in a tangible employment action, such as discharge, demotion, or undesirable reassignment.
LESSONS FROM LONG ISLAND
Rogue supervisors — such as the Long Island limo manager — are unfortunately present in many companies. To avoid liability for a supervisor’s misconduct, ensure that:
- Your company has a solid complaint procedure in its employee handbook and/or other policies;
- Any complaint procedure provides that the alleged victim can complain not only to the employee’s supervisor, but also to upper management and beyond in the event that the employee is uncomfortable complaining to the supervisor or unsatisfied with the company’s investigation;
- The complaint procedure is known to all employees, documented as such, and reviewed with employees by management on at least an annual basis;
- Company management is trained by legal counsel periodically on handling and investigating complaints;
- The Complaint procedure is reviewed annually for any changes in the law or your organization;
- Your company carefully follows its complaint procedure; and
- If there has been supervisor harassment, it does not culminate in a tangible employment action, such as discharge, demotion, or undesirable reassignment.